Urban Green DaMS: Evapotranspiration in Bioretention Systems Data
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Abstract of article
Evapotranspiration is a key hydrological process for reducing stormwater runoff in bioretention systems, regardless of their physical configuration. Understanding the volumes of stormwater that can be returned to the atmosphere via evapotranspiration is, therefore, a key consideration in the design of any bioretention system. This study establishes the evapotranspiration dynamics of three common, structurally different, bioretention vegetation treatments (an Amenity Grass mix, and mono-cultures of Deschampsia cespitosa and Iris sibirica) compared with an un-vegetated control using lab-scale column experiments. Via continuous mass and moisture loss data, observed evapotranspiration rates were compared with those predicted by the FAO-56 Penman–Monteith model for five 14-day dry periods during Spring 2021, Summer 2021, and Spring 2022. Soil moisture reductions over the 14-day trials led to reduced rates of evapotranspiration. This necessitated the use of a soil moisture extraction function alongside a crop coefficient to represent actual evapotranspiration from FAO-56 Penman–Monteith reference evapotranspiration estimates. Crop coefficients varied between 0.65 and 2.91, with a value of 1.0 identified as a recommended default value in the absence of treatment-specific empirical data. A continuous hydrological model with  and a loading ratio of 10:1 showed that evapotranspiration could account for between 1 and 12% of the annual water budget for a bioretention system located in the UK and Ireland, increasing to a maximum of 35% when using the highest observed (2.91).
Urban Green DaMS (Design and Modelling of SuDS)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilFind out more...
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